The Columbus Monument
Barcelona’s Columbus Monument (Catalan: Mirador de Colom) was erected in 1888 for the Universal Exposition. The 60m high iron column is topped by a bronze statue of the famous Italian explorer who is portrayed holding nautical charts and pointing out to sea.
Just below Columbus’ feet there is a small viewing platform which is reached by an elevator housed within the tower. The glassed-in viewpoint affords panoramic birds eye views of La Rambla as well as the Port Vell, Montjuïc mountain and the Gothic quarter. On windy days you can feel the iron column flex slightly as it is buffeted by the force of the wind.
The base of the column is made of stone and decorated by a collection of statues and bas-reliefs representing the discovery of the New World. There are also numerous decorative figures including winged Phemes, Griffins and 8 impressive lions. The latter are a popular backdrop for holiday photos and selfies.
Christopher Columbus and the Discovery of the New World
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa (Italy) in 1451. His seafaring career started when he was just 10 years old and joined the crew of a Genoese merchant ship. He sailed extensively throughout Europe and along the coast of West Africa and was a skilled navigator and sailor.
When Constantinople (Istanbul) fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, the traditional trade routes overland to Asia became very dangerous and Portuguese explorers began searching for an alternative route by sea around the coast of Africa.
It was common knowledge by this time that the world was spherical and Columbus believed that the Indias could be reached more quickly by sailing west. An idea inspired by the Florentine astronomer Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli.
In 1485 Columbus started looking for sponsorship for his expedition, first from the Portuguese then the English and finally the Spanish court. All of whom turned him down because they (correctly) thought that he had underestimated the distance to Asia.
Finally in 1492 the Spanish monarchs Ferdinand II and Isabella I agreed to support Columbus’ expedition and promised to make him Viceroy and Governor of any lands which he could claim for Spain. On the 3rd of August 1492 Columbus set sail from Palos de la Frontera on route to the Canary Islands, heading south in order to avoid prevailing westerly winds in the Azores.
The fleet of three small ships set sail from San Sebastian de la Gomera on the 6th of September. Five weeks later they landed at San Salvador (Bahamas) on October 12th before continuing on to Cuba.
Find out more about Christopher Columbus and the discovery of the Americas here.
Plaça Portal de la Pau, Barcelona
How to get there:
The nearest metro stop is Drassanes on the L3 green line.
Daily from 8:30 to 20:30
Closed Christmas day and January 1st.
Optional wine tasting can also be included when booking.